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期末考冲刺:初中英语60个固定搭配,期末99%会考到!

   【摘要】英语要学好,掌握单词和必要的搭配非常重要,只有牢记英语的固定结构,才能更好地进行句子表达和英语作文。今天和大家分享英语考试中最常用的60个固定搭配,每天利用碎片时间背一点点,英语想不拿高分都难。更多中考信息可关注闽州教育中考资讯专栏。




01

agree with① 同意;赞同:I quite agree with him on the sports. 我非常同意他在运动方面的观点。② 与…相符;与…一致:His words do not agree with his actions. 他言行不一致。③ [常用于否定句] (食物等) 适合:Too much meat doesn’t agree with her. 她不宜吃太多肉。 

02

hold on① 抓着…不放;坚持:She held on to me tightly. 她紧紧地抓住我。I will hold on to my dream and never give it up.
 我要坚持自己的梦想,永不放弃。② [电话用语] 别挂断;等一下:Can you hold on? I’ll see if the manager’s in the office. 先别挂电话行吗?我去看看经理在不在办公室。

03

make up ① [不用于进行时] 组成;构成:In some languages, 100 words make up half of all words used in daily conversations. 在一些语言中,100个词就构成了一半的日常会话用语。② 编写;编造:At your first meeting you should make up a rule book. 在第一次会议上,你要编写出一个规章手册。③ 为…化妆:They made him up as an old man for the last act of the play. 在演这出戏的最后一幕时,他们把他打扮成一个老头。

04

pick up① 拿起;拾起:The phone rang and I picked it up. 电话响了,我接了起来。I picked up the rubbish and threw it into the trash can. 我把垃圾拾起来,扔进垃圾桶。②(车辆等) 中途搭 (人);中途带 (货):I’ve got to pick up my daughter from school at four o’clock. 我四点钟得去学校接女儿。③ 营救;救起:Twenty men fell into the water and were picked up by other boats. 二十人落水后,被其他船只救起。④(偶然地、无意地) 得到;学会 (语言);买到:She picked up Japanese when she was in Japan. Now she can speak it freely.她在日本时学会了日语,现在她日语讲得很流利。We managed to pick up a few bargains in the market. 我们从市场上买到了几件便宜货。⑤ 接收到:We were able to pick up the BBC World Service. 我们能收听到英国广播公司的国际广播节目。⑥重提 (话题);恢复 (健康等):He picks up this theme again in later chapters of the book. 在该书的后几章,他又重回到这个主题上。

05

take up  开始 (从事);占用Rogers took up painting for a while, but soon lost interest. 罗杰斯学了一段时间的绘画,但很快便失去了兴趣。Meetings and phone calls take up a large part of the day. 开会和接电话占用了一天中的大部分时间。

06

turn out① 制造;生产;培养出:The factory turns out 900 cars a week. 这家工厂一周生产九百辆汽车。② 原来 (是);证明 (是);结果 (是):Unexpectedly the weather turned out pretty nice that day. 出乎意料的是,那天天气特别好。It turned out that his brother died of a heart attack. 原来他的兄弟死于心脏病。

07

 work out① 算出;总共达:I’m just trying to work out how much I spend each month. 我正在尽力算出我每月的开销。② 解决;把…弄清楚:To work out the difficult maths problem, I have consulted Professor Russell several times. 为了解出这道数学难题,我已经请教拉塞尔教授好几次了。③ 制定 (出):Trained exercise teachers can help you work out a training plan and keep you active. 训练有素的体育老师能帮你制定一套训练计划,使你保持活力。④ 产生结果;被证明有效:Everything worked out OK in the end. 事情的结果还不错。I want to follow David’s example but it never worked out for me. 我想效仿大卫的做法,但这对我没有效果。⑤ 锻炼;训练:I go to the sports club and work out once a week. 我一周去一次体育馆锻炼。

08

get through 到达; 通过;打通:She got through the examination. 她通过了考试。Focusing on that goal helps me get through tough times. 专注于那一目标帮我熬过了艰难时期。I tried phoning her office, but I couldn’t get through. 我试过打她办公室电话,但没打通。

09

make out① 勉强看见;听见:I could barely make out the stage in the darkness. 黑暗中我几乎看不见舞台。I could hear voices but I couldn’t make out what manage they were saying.我能听到说话的声音,但听不清他们在说什么。② 理解;弄清:His writing is so confusing that it’s difficult to make out what he is trying to express. 他的笔迹模糊不清,很难弄清他到底想表达什么。③ 写出;开列:She was making out a list of people to invite. 她正在写一份邀请名单。 

10

put up① 举起;抬起;提高:

  • Put up your hands if you have any questions.如果有问题请举手。
  • They have put up the rent by $200 a month. 他们把每月的租金提高了200美元。

② 公布;张贴 (布告、相片等):Posters were put up around our school, calling upon us to join in the actions for a greener earth. 校园中到处张贴着海报,号召我们加入到让地球更环保的行动中去。③ 建造 (房屋等);搭建:They’ve put up a lot of high-rise buildings recently. 最近他们盖起了很多高楼大厦。④ 留宿;住宿:I was hoping Kenny could put me up for a few days. 我希望肯尼能让我留宿几天。

11

set down  记下;放下:I don’t want to set down a series of facts in a diary as most people do. 我不愿像大多数人那样在日记中记流水账。

12

turn over① 翻身;(使) 翻转;翻过 (书页):He did not fall asleep, turning over in bed from time to time. 他没睡着,在床上时不时地翻身。Don’t turn over the page yet. 先别把这页翻过去。② 移交:He turned over the work to the secretary. 他把工作移交给了秘书。

13

break down ①(机器等) 出故障;(身体等) 垮掉;(情感等) 失控:

  • On my way to the station my car broke down. 去车站的路上,我的车坏了。
  • Her health broke down under the pressure of work. 
    她的身体在工作压力下垮掉了。
  • He broke down as he thought of his failure to sell all his newspapers. 
    想到没卖掉所有的报纸,他禁不住哭了起来。

②(谈判等) 失败:Talks between the two sides have broken down. 双方的谈判破裂了。③ 把…分若干部分 (以方便做或理解):Each lesson is broken down into several units. 每一课都分成几部分。

14

look down upon 轻视;看不起:Never look down on people less superior than you. 不要轻视不如你的人。

15

look up to 尊敬;仰视:I look up to him because he’s a real artist. 我尊敬他,因为他是个真正的艺术家。

16

die down 逐渐变弱;逐渐降低;When the applause had died down, she began her speech. 掌声渐渐消失时,她开始讲话。The wind has died down a bit. 风小了一点。  

17

get over 越过;克服 ;恢复过来:I don’t know how we are going to get over these difficulties. 我不知道我们怎样才能克服这些困难。We are certain that he will get over his illness. 我们相信他一定会战胜疾病。

18

 go by 走过;流逝;过去:Everything will get easier as time goes by. 随着时间的推移,一切都会好起来的。

19

 go over 从一处到 (另一处);温习:We went over to the flower seller and asked her if we could buy a flower. 我们到卖花的人身边,问她我们能不能买朵花。Let us go over your answer again. 让我们再检查一下你的答案。I’ve got to go over my notes for tomorrow’s exam. 我必须复习笔记准备明天的考试。

20

look into 调查:The police are looking into the disappearance of two children. 警方正在调查两个孩子失踪的事件。

21

put down① 放下:Once I started reading the mystery novel, I just couldn’t put it down. 一旦我开始读那本悬疑小说,就再也放不下了。② 写下;记下:Please put down your name and address here. 请把您的姓名和地址写在这儿。

22

run away from 逃走;躲避The thief heard the noise and ran away quickly. 小偷听到声音,匆忙逃走了。It’s irresponsible of you to run away from di